Medical Care & Emergency

Living in Europe | Health insurance, Medical care | Estonia

Here you can find information about family physicians, dental care and disabled access.

Family Physicians


The first level of the health care system in Estonia is Family Physicians (sometimes referred to as Family Doctors). Everyone has the right to choose their own family physician. You can register yourself as a patient of your family physician right in their office. Family Physicians send their patients to medical specialists if and when necessary. Family fhysicians also write prescriptions for prescription-medicines.


Prescriptions that have been issued in other EU member countries are not valid in Estonia. So in the event that you need to buy any prescription medicines, you need to contact a doctor here. Prescriptions issued by Finnish doctors will be valid in Estonia from summer 2018.


Visits to family physicians are free of charge if you have valid Estonian health insurance or a European Health Insurance Card. You must pay 5 Euros for a home visit.


For visits to medical specialists, a visit fee of up to 5 Euros is charged.


No referral is needed to visit a:

  • psychiatrist
  • gynaecologist
  • dermatovenerologist
  • ophthalmologist
  • dentist
  • pulmonologist (for tuberculosis treatment)
  • infectious diseases specialist (for HIV/AIDS treatment)
  • surgeon or orthopaedist (for traumatology).


In case you need help finding a family physician, contact your nearest EURAXESS Services centre for assistance.


The Estonian Health Insurance Fund has established a health advice hotline that works 24 hours every day; the service is free of charge and you can use it by dialling 1220.


NB! You should usnsubscribe yourself from your family physicians list when you permanently leave Estonia. Other foreigners are in line for English speaking physicians but sometimes their lists are full because of unactive patients.


See also:

Estonian Health Insurance Fund - Primary health care in Estonia

There is an online registry of Family Physicians in Estonia. The page is in Estonian.

(Some relevant vocabulary: perearsti nimeosa = part of the name of the family physician; teenuse osutaja = service provider; teeninduspiirkond = service area; perearst = family physician; teeninduspiirkonna aadress = address of the service area; perearstikeskus = medical centre; registreerimise telefon = telephone number for making an appointment, vastuvõtuajad= reception hours; kontakt= contact)




Emergencies and hospitals

In an emergency situation, call:

112 Emergency calls, Ambulance

Calls to emergency numbers are free of charge and can be made from any phone, including pay-phones and the mobile phones of any service provider (incl. foreign).

You should report the following when making an emergency call:

  1. What happened?
  2. Where did it happen?
  3. Who is calling?
  4. Is somebody injured? What is their condition?
  5. Can somebody give first aid?

Emergency health care is free of charge to everyone irrespective of your insurance situation.

If the situation is not that dangerous that an ambulance needs to be called, but you need to contact a doctor after regular reception hours, you can turn to the emergency reception in a hospital.


See more:

North Estonian Regional Hospital

East Tallinn Central Hospital

Tartu University Hospital